Kamalesh Kanna Shanmuganathan, SRS Institute of Agriculture & Teachnology, Vedasandur

Indian Agricultural Schemes Since 1947

Since 1947 our Indian Ministry of Agriculture and other private sectors have launched many schemes for the development of our Agriculture and their allied sectors. Some of the scheme have made a large role in the field. At the time of Independence our agriculture sector was at the vast back. We cannot able to produce required amount of food for our own people and imported food from other countries. So, our government launched many schemes to develop agriculture.

Indian Government Schemes:

Intensive Agriculture district programme (IADP) (1960)

Government of India invited a team of agriculture experts from Ford Foundation for study of Indian agriculture and obtained ideas from them.

They found that “India is facing a crisis in food production”. They launched the IADP scheme at three districts in 1960 to 1961 and at four districts in 1962 to 1963. The districts are:

· Thanjavur

· West Godavari

· Shahabad

· Raipur

· Aligarh

· Ludhiana

· Pali


· To demonstrate the most effective ways of achieving rapid and significant increase in agriculture production through adoption of a package of improved practices.

· To suggest successful and adoptable innovations, approaches and procedures.

Intensive Agriculture Area Programme (IAAP) (1964)

IAAP was introduced as the success result of IADP. 114 districts were selected in the year 1964 and later extended to 150 districts.


· The objective of the IAAP was to extend the concept of IADP to other potential areas to cover at least 20-25% of the cultivated area in the country.


· The production was increased.

· 144 Districts were covered. In Karnataka, 14 districts were covered.

· Production increased by 20-25 percent of cultivated area.

High yielding variety programme (HYVP) (1966)

HYVP helped in attaining self-sufficient food. They introduced balanced fertilizer, irrigation practices which made ‘Green Revolution’ possible in the country.


To spread high yielding varieties in different parts of country.

To study the problems of implementation of programme at different level.

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBJ) (2016)

This scheme was introduced to decrease the burden of payments on farmers who take loans for their cultivation and also for safeguard against the extreme weather. It was introduced in every states of India.


· To provide insurance and financial support to the farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crop as a result of natural calamities, pests & diseases.

· To stabiles the income of farmers to ensure their continuous process in farming.

· To encourage farmers to adopt modern agricultural practices.

· To ensure stream of credit to the agriculture sector.

Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business Centres (ACABC) (2002)

ABABC implemented by Shree Maa Guru Gramodhyog Sansthan (SMGGS). This scheme was aimed at to provide experts at large scale to the farmers. Now our government is providing a starter training pack to the Agriculture graduates and other agriculture allied graduates.


· To support agricultural development.

· To create self-employment to the un-employed agriculture graduates.

· To provide paid or free services to the farmers as per the local needs and affordability to target group of farmers.

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