Dhasarathan M – AC & RI Echangkottai

FIVE SCHEMES THAT SCALED UP INDIAN AGRICULTURE POST INDEPENDENCE

‘Howe'er they roam, the world must follow still the plougher's team; Though toilsome, culture of the ground as noblest toil esteem.’

-Thirukural 1031

Our culture is agriculture and it is the essence of Indian economy. A farmer is a magician who produces money from the mud. India is an agrarian country where an estimated 61.5% of 1300 million. Now we will see the most influential five schemes that scaled up Indian agriculture post-independence.

HIGH YIELDING VARIETIES PROGRAMME (HYVP):

From the results of these High Yielding Varieties Programme, there emerged an astonishing change in total food production. In 1968, a unique production of 170 lakh tonnes of wheat from 120 lakh tonnes was produced and it has named as green revolution. This is a scheme that changed our India to self-sufficient in food. This is a major scheme that scaled up Indian agriculture post-independence.

NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME - RASHTRIYA KRISHI VIKAS YOJANA (NADP-RKVY):

It has been launched to achieve 4% annual growth rate in the agricultural sector. It was the first major scheme that develops both agriculture and its allied field in a dramatic way. The concept of bottom-up approach is used. Each District will formulate a District Agriculture Plan (DAP) by including the resources available from other existing schemes State, or Central schemes such as Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF), National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) etc. Then State Agriculture Plan is formulated and the fund is given by the central government. It is a great plan to enhance agriculture during the early post-independence time.

PRADHAN MANTRI KRISHI SINCHAYEE YOJANA (PMKSY):

A report says that in India more than two-thirds of the arable area lacks proper irrigational facilities. Taking note of this, government has launched this scheme. This scheme is primarily to provide not only irrigation facility but also to save water in agriculture. For that under this scheme micro-irrigation is also launched. Micro Irrigation technology improves water use efficiency by 40% - 60%. This saves the cost of water in agriculture.

PARAMPARAGAT KRISHI VIKAS YOJANA:

The government has launched it in order to address the importance of soil and water for improving agricultural production. The government would support and improve organic farming practices prevalent in India. This scheme is mainly for the development of organic farming because India ranks first in organic farming.

PPRADHAN MANTRI FASAL BHIMA YOJANA (PMFBY):

Farming has become an unreliable sector. To resolve the problem of unpredictable nature of farming and prevent farmer suicides in the country, the Government launched Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yojana in early 2016. It’s a crop insurance policy. This scheme will make the farmers take some risk in agriculture.

“Everything else can wait but agriculture can’t”

-Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

So, it is necessary to improve agriculture. So many schemes are launched by the government. These are very important five schemes that scaled up Indian agriculture post-independence. It’s our time to use these schemes and enhance agriculture.

REFERENCE

https://www.india.gov.in/my-government/schemes

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